Because of their aggressive nature, Formosan termites are difficult to control once they infest a structure. They construct their primary nests in the soil with a fecal material called “car- Formosan termites. Formosan Subterranean Termites These "supertermites" were introduced to the coastal regions of the United States after WWII. Therefore, soldiers or reproductive caste termites are needed for proper identification. Formosan termites are an … An invasive species native to China, the Formosan Subterranean Termite is known as one of the most destructive insects there is. Formosan Subterranean termite colonies begin small, but may grow to over 5 million termites. Introduction. Formosan termites are an invasive species that originated in East Asia. Subterranean termites are the ones that do the most damage and are the focus of most termite treatments. The formosan subterranean termite forms large colonies, which can quickly cause major structural damage to timber and timber components in housing and furniture. This means they live together in colonies in which ther… Subterranean termites do not. Formosan Subterranean Termites. Because Formosan termite colonies can contain several million individuals, they can cause damage at an accelerated rate, with a mature colony causing significant damage to a structure in a relatively short time. Formosan Termites are like most subterranean termites in regards to their appearance. Swarmers, or alates, do not reproduce in their original colonies. The combination of an underground and aboveground nest can greatly increase the potential damage of these termites. Formosan subterranean termites, like other subterranean termites, create nests in soil. Three of the subterranean termite species are native to the Palmetto State. In the U.S., Formosan termites prefer the warm southern climates of states like Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, and Texas, where they organize into huge subterranean colonies and build intricate mud-tube nests inside the … Formosan Subterranean Termite, Adults, worker (top), soldier (bottom) - Gerald J. Lenhard. They can create a serious problem in your household and have to be identifiedas soon as possible to free your house from these mischievous pests. The termite has the potential to devastate Australia’s forests and native bush as well as have a major impact on timber-based industries. Formosan termites are 1/2-inch long; the winged reproductives are pale yellow to brownish yellow, and the hairy wings have two dark veins at the leading edge Exit Other, less common, types of termites include the smaller drywood termite Exit and the invasive Formosan termite. Formosans are organized into huge underground colonies, and build intricate mud nests inside the walls of a structure. Native To: East Asia (Lax and Osbrink 2003) Date of U.S. Introduction: But Formosan is the most economically malicious and geographically spread species which can be rather dangerous to any cellulose structure. Formosan subterranean termites are one of several termite species that threaten homes and other structures in Hawaii and the southern half of the continental United States. The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus (Shiraki), was first described as a species in 1909 from specimens collected on the Asian island of Formosa. This is because Formosan termites line their nests with feces to keep the moisture in. Like cockroaches, termites have a gradual life cycle, meaning they have three stages of development: egg, nymph, and adult. (K8212-18) Although it took time for it to establish itself and spread, the Formosan termite has done so with startling success. Termites are social insects. Supertermites. The Formosan termite colonizes in the ground but also above ground in structures. Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite); the white, soft-bodied, workers are the most commonly seen caste in a C. formosanus colony and, are responsible for food acquisition and maintenance of nest galleries. Make the Structure Less Attractive to Termites Originally from mainland China, Formosans have been established in the continental U.S. for only about 50 years. How Can I Prevent Termite Infestation? A mature Formosan colony can consume as much as 13 ounces of wood a day and can severely damage a structure in as little as three months. Originally from mainland China, Formosan termites have been established in the continental U.S. for only about 50 years. This is partly because their colonies are at least four times as large as those of native subterranean termites. Formosan subterranean termites are more aggressive and cause more damage than native subterranean termite species because of special biological attributes. The termites also have a difference in their physical appearance. Yes, Formosan subterranean termites are found in the parishes affected by the hurricanes and will get in mulch. The Formosan termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. They go in and out of a structure from a ground nest nearby. Developing termites do not have an inactive pupal or resting stage like bees, butterflies, or other insects that have a complete life cycle. Like other subterranean termites, Formosan termites feed on wood and other materials that contain cellulose. Four species are subterranean termites. The most common form of termite in most of the United States is the native subterranean termite. Formosan termites are one of several termite species that threaten homes and other structures in Hawaii and the southern half of the continental United States. Another termite species, the Formosan termite, Coptotermes formosanus , is a foreign pest that has become established in California, Hawaii, and parts of the southern U.S. including some areas of Texas. Once mature they leave the original colony and are responsible for producing new colonies. Three forms, called castes, are found in the colony – reproductives (winged or wingless), soldiers and workers (pseudergates). The king and queen reproductives stay within the co… Within the Blattodea order, this species is part of the infraorder Isoptera, which includes termites only – about 3,100 species worldwide. Columbia Formosan Subterrean Termites. Soldiers and winged reproductives (alates) are the castes used for identification purposes. Coptotermes formosanus or Formosan termites belong to the genus Coptotermes which contains more than 3100 termite speciesaltogether. Comparison of Native and Formosan Subterranean Termites Biology Ecology and Methods of Control They attack and consume a variety of woods at a faster rate than do native subterranean termites. Thrasher Termite & Pest Control of So Cal, Inc. in San Diego, California, recently discovered a new colony of Formosan subterranean termites in La Mesa, half a mile from the original 1992 outbreak of this destructive, invasive species.Formosan subterranean termites rapidly develop huge colonies and can cause significant structural damage within 6 months. Formosan subterranean termites belong to the same family as native subterranean termites (Rhinotermitidae). Subterranean termites have a soft white body with no eyes. 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