Cosmopolites sordidus . Laboratory studies indicated the. Often pupation occurs in the silken tube outside the, cane. The larva feeds in an, irregular semi-circular pattern. Interestingly, the top and root borer infestations (%) were quite low than stem borer in all sugarcane varieties / lines when no insecticide was applied. data). Early shoot borer: Chilo infuscatellus (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) Distribution and status: India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Thiawan, Philippines, Korea, Afghanistan and Burma. 1. ), a new parasite of the root-borer of. Although egg parasitoids, which contribute to early reduction of populations, especially Trichogramma chilonis, have been investigated extensively as biocontrol agents, other species such as Telenomus sp. The present project intends to investigate the prospects of Telenomus sp. Both the Uk′37 and the FP-12E SST estimates, as well as the planktonic foraminiferal δ18O values, indicate an abrupt warming (ca. data), can possibly be explained in the backdrop of, varietal and crop protection practices adopted, subsequent to its first appearance in 1989 (Jayanthi, remained at low levels probably due to the, discontinuance of the cultivation of Co 8021 which, was found to harbor greater levels of infestation. 65, ca. Egg, larval, pre-pupal and, pupal stages lasted 5-7, 57-96, 1-2 and 9-1. place in the damaged portion of the cane (Fig. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Indian J Ent 62(1):11-17. between gamma-BHC and nitrogen application in, Singh M, Madan YP (2001) Reaction of some sugarcane, Singh M, Chhilar BS, Madan YP (1996a) Biology of, Singh M, Chhillar BS, Madan YP (1996b) Effect of some, soil insecticides on the incidence of root borer, Singla ML, Duhra MS (1991) Sampling plan for estimation, of damage by major sugarcane borers. 1963-64 attacked a much smaller percentage of root, borer larvae than some other sugarcane borer larvae, when maggots dissected from gravid females were, A root borer isolate of the entomopathogenic fungus, mortality of the borer with a shorter incubation, period than shoot borer isolate in laboratory studies, (Easwaramoorthy and Santhalakshmi 1993). Sci, Isaac PV (1937) Report of second entomologist (Dipterist), in charge, scheme for research on insect pests of, Isaac PV (1939) Report of the Second Entomologist, (Dipterist) in Charge of Scheme for Research on, Isaac PV (1941) Report of the Second Entomologist, Isaac PV and Misra CS (1933) The chief insect pests of, Bulletin, Commonwealth Institute of Biological. susceptible (6.79 - 14.65%) (Patel et al. After hatching eggs larvae bore into the roots or underground portion of the stem. The larva enters the plant at the base of the cane and grows in size feeding on the plant’s internal tissues. During, fields, where the adults were seen in small numbers, varied from 3 to 5% (Narayanan 1938). Written by Venkatesh February 25, 2019 February 25, 2019. 1) and life-history parameters of the borer, studied by various workers were compiled and, out at Navsari in south Gujarat, fecundity of females, ranged 200 - 325 eggs. Encarsia flavoscutellum Zehntner (Hymenoptera: Aphelenidae), the parasitoid introduced into tropical India for the control of sugarcane woolly aphid Ceratovacuna lanigera Zehntner (Homoptera: Aphididae), reduced the host populations by restricting their spatial and temporal spread. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. The, described using specimens obtained from eggs of, Among the braconid larval parasitoids recorded by, root borer larvae to a level of 3-4% up to the end of, June at Pusa during 1934-35 (Pruthi 1936). The durations of pre-mating, mating and post-mating, periods ranged 17.12 - 19.00 h, 18.50 - 27.50 min, pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition, periods ranged 3.46 - 4.00, 3.25 - 4.25 and 1.25 -. (Diptera: Tachinidae) (1.8-4.0%) were higher than those of' Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) (0.0-0.4%). According to an estimate, sugarcane production declines by 20.0 and 19 percent insect pests and disease respectively. Imperial Commissioner of Agriculture, 21-23. 1996e). Conservation and re-distribution, and introduction and colonization of predominant parasitoids was practiced very early, and even in the recent past, with remarkable success. Insect pests of sugar-cane in Antigua and St. Kitts. ICAR-. A total of fifty-one species are recognized from the area. stage of sugarcane. Moths emerge during the early morning hours and, mating occurs in the early hours of night. 1°C in. J, species in relation to environmental factors at shoot. the academic encouragement and logistic support. The borer was observed, throughout the year in extensive surveys carried out, in Gujarat during 1992-1995 (Pandya et al. Entomology Research Institute. biology and behavior of the borer in tropical India, the knowledge generated in the subtropical, sugarcane belt could serve as the basis for the, formulation of provisional control measures as, with a suitable alternative, preferably with good, from early stages of crop on an area-wide basis, 0.3% GR at 75-100 g a.i./ha (as per Central, Insecticides Board and Registration Committee. (Diptera : Tachinidae) with corresponding figures of 15.2 and 12.4%. Despite its more or less pan India distribution, much of the, earlier work was restricted to the north Indian sugarcane belt due to its persistent occurrence and, far is reviewed and notes on its occurrence in the southern states are presented. Commonw Inst, Cheema PS (1948) Differentiation between the sugarcane, root borer and stem borer attack in early stages of, crop growth as well as at harvest. 5.2% and cane weight by 73.0, 17.0 and 6.5%. Full grown larva is 25-30 mm long dull creamy white having shorter legs. In south Gujarat, root borer, yield by 6.93-20.65, 2.50-25.47, 0.72-2.75, 3.16-34.20, and 4.62-4.83%, respectively in the varieties CoC, 671, Co 8338, Co 6806, Co 6304 and Co 62175, (Pandya et al. Southeast Asia, USA (Hawaii) and Oceania. planting (DAP) and 1 kg phorate/ha at 60 DAP; 0.075% endosulfan at 120 DAP; 1 kg carbofuran/, at 40,000 parasitoids per hectare at 15 d interval, beginning 135 DAP; detrashing of lower leaves at, 6, 7 and 8 months after planting recorded the lowest, incidence of root borer along with other borers, In addition to the observations of its distribution in. Coop Sug. Neither liquid nor granular, formulations were observed to cause phytotoxic, symptoms in sugarcane plant. Planter 82(964):463-469. in India 1933-34 & 1934-35 Pt. 1966). Biological Control of Insect Pests, Ent. (Pandya et al. 1996b). sugarcane. Regent application, did not affect cane thickness and juice quality, significantly but led to higher cane yields when, sprayed at 200 g a.i./ha (Sardana 2001c). The high degree of moraine preservation resulted from dramatic changes in the flow path of piedmont palaeoglaciers at the southern end of the Cordillera Blanca (10° 00′ S, 77° 16′ W), which, in turn. Nevertheless, it would be interesting to, observe if the present increase in root borer, populations represents only a sporadic outbreak, which will stabilize over time as it generally happens. prone to attack than Haryana (Anonymous 1993). Sci, of some common varieties of sugarcane in reference, to the attack of borers at Pusa (Bihar) during 1935-. The neonate larva crawls to the base of the, stem and enters by making a single hole at or just, below the ground level. 332-340. pp. Incubation period was 4.26 - 7.86 d with an average, instars and the duration of the total larval period, was 27.0 - 39.8 d. The duration of the pupal period, was 7.41 - 10.74 d. Males were shorter lived than. disease of sugarcane. Srikanth J, Easwaramoorthy S, Shanmugasundaram M, parasitism in borers of sugarcane and sorghum in, Coimbatore, south India. Gotterell GS (1954) Notes on insect injuries to crops in, Gupta BD (1953) Resume of work done under the insect. Eggs are laid in groups under litter or in the ground. sugarcane belt, northern areas of Gujarat, of Haryana and Muzaffarpur of Bihar were more. by adopting various techniques like flooding of fields, use of light traps, application of imidacloprid, insecticide and release of the biological control, (Sardana 2000b). However, wilt and root borer-wilt complex together affected. 92. Moreover, incidence and population were generally high in, unirrigated fields and in sandy or sandy loam soils, comparatively more infested during the early stages, of crop growth. Natural enemy complex and, dynamics need to be determined since tropical, sugarcane belt is characterized by year-round, activity of borer (Srikanth et al. ratooned in March-May (Alagesan et al. Crop Production. In population dynamics studies from January, 1995 to December 1996 using light traps, adults, were caught throughout the study period, except in, the second fortnight of March 1995, and first and. 1995). Despite its more or less pan India distribution, much of the earlier work was restricted to the north Indian sugarcane belt due to its persistent occurrence and more serious damage. Trichogrammatidae). borer attacks sugarcane in the early stages (Pruthi, 1937) when the crop is 2-4 months old and, Anonymous 1943). It hatches 4-6days. Egg: Flat – scale like eggs are laid in 3-5 rows on the lower surface of leaves in masses of 4-100. Pandya HV (1997a) Biological control of sugarcane pests. B. These small yellow-orange worms feed on the roots and bud nodes of sugarcane plants. After its first report of occurrence in Tamil Nadu in 1990, it remained either dormant or unnoticed for a couple of decades and started re-emerging in the early part of 2015. A rational pest management module including minimum quantity of synthetic organic pesticide (rynaxypyr), a semi-synthetic pesticide (cartap hydrochloride), a plant fraction (neem oil), repellent crops (coriander and basil), physical barrier, refuge planting, detrashing, removal of water and late shoots, pheromone traps, Beauveria spore formulation etc. to be adopted in tropical India are outlined. In a subsequent report (Anonymous, 1993), variable infestation levels were recorded in, The surge in the root borer incidence, observed by, the present authors in the sugarcane tracts of T. Nadu during 2014-15 (R. Jayanthi et al. 4. Sci, Pruthi HS (1940) Report of the Imperial Entomologist. native borer complex (Isaac 1941; Pruthi 1946; Ashraf and Fatima 1996) suggested indirect impact, of the parasitoid. Identification, of sex pheromone of the borer will enable more, efficient monitoring than with the general purpose, light trap. Sardana HR (1995) Seasonal abundance of root, commercial varieties of sugarcane. 1995 and, 1996c) than the pattern of low activity during May-, June and peak population during July-October with, specific broods reported in Haryana (Sardana 1995, and 1997a; Sardana 2001a). It is, therefore not a true root pest but in usage, it has been named as a root borer. The average loss in weight of millable, canes at the 100% level of incidence was estimated, to be 2.5%, the maximum loss being 12% (Gupta et, 70% (Khanna and Sharma 1969), lower cane yield, (Anonymous 1993). INFESTATION IN DIFFERENT GENOTYPES OF SUGARCANE UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS The experiments were carried out with total number of 92 genotypes screened during 1995–96 and 1996–97 where as the incidence of root borer ranged from 15.7 to 86.2 and 10.2 to 91.6 per cent, respectively. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. The longevity of male and female adults was 4-9, and 4-12 d, respectively with a ratio of 1:1.1. Light trap studies in, temperature of 34-37°C, minimum temperature of, 20-27°C and RH of 52-70% were conducive to. Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker. Regardless of the reasons conjectured for its, upsurge, the borer is more likely to follow the pattern, of year-round occurrence observed in Gujarat, (Pandya and Patel 2007a; Pandya et al. Proceedings of an International Conference. In light trap studies, in Pakistan, root borer populations peaked during, Light trap monitoring studies at Coimbatore showed, low moth catches in two different years which, indicated negligible pest occurrence in the area. Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). It is the only species of borer infesting the, underground portion of canes and, hence, generally, the larva in any stage does not or cannot bore into, the pest was described as the most destructive of, the insects that attack the underground parts of. 1996b). In Gujarat, phorate 10 G at 1 kg, a.i./ha applied three times recorded minimum, At Karnal, fipronil (Regent) 0.3 G and 5 SC at 200, g a.i./ha reduced the incidence of the borer more, significantly than the standard Sevidol 8G or Furadan, 3G or chlorpyrifos 20 EC. root borer (polyocha 'depressella swin.) Meeting of the ESA 2006, December 10-13, 2006. carbofuran and phorate for the control of top and. Indian J, Anonymous (1993) Root borer in sugarcane. Investigations were carried out on the efficacy of various possible methods in bringing down the population of sugarcane root borer to significantly low levels during 1998-99 and 1999-2000 at the Regional Centre of Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal, India. This is "Root Borer Pest & Control // Sugarcane" by Climate Smart Agri (CSA) on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Mosaic Sugarcane Mosaic Virus Virus Root knot Meloidogyne spp Nematodes Ratoon stunting disease Leifsonia xyli Bacteria Red stripe (top rot) Acidovorax avenae Bacteria 4. Oriental Insects 13(1-2): Nair KR, Prakash S, Nagarkatti S, Henderson MT (1971), A consolidated list of wild and cultivated plant, species attacked by sugarcane borers in North. in reducing the incidence (Sardana 2001d). Control Measure of Sugarcane Root stock Borer, A. Nonchemical control of Sugarcane Root stock Borer. In later experiments in Haryana, two doses of, carbofuran and phorate gave lower incidence (23.8, or higher doses at the end of June (33.4 and 32.3%), or July (26.5 and 25.6%, respectively) (Mrig and. Polyocha depressella Swinhoe (=Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe)) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is the only species of borer infesting the underground portion of sugarcane and, hence, referred to by its common name root borer or rootstock borer. 1990). Imperial Department of Agriculture for the West Indies. Brighton, UK, 18-21 November 1996, pp.385-388. Int J Pest Mgmt 40(3):266-269. Besides cultivated varieties of sugarcane, root borer, has been reported to survive on several alternative, states of the country whereas no such information, is available with respect to the tropics. In Uttar Pradesh, sugarcane over a decade averaged 23.9% (Gupta, generation killed all shoots attacked but those of the, last generation had no apparent effect on the weight, generations reduced cane length by 66.2, 14.3 and. Larval natural enemies inflicted a maximum mortality of 39.4 and 46.6% on the borer larvae during 1998-99 and 1999-2000, respectively. The parasitoid Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and fungal pathogens appeared in the second year occasionally at low levels. Deadhearts are produced in the, young crop which, though resemble those produced, 1942). The. The absence of ages close to the global Last Glacial Maximum (ca. Prior to pupation, the, larva cuts an opening to the exterior and constructs, a silken tube up to the surface of the soil in line with. Approximately 40,000 adults were collected which had emerged from the soil of sugarcane fields and were congregating among the foliage of … pests attacking sugarcane throughout growth period, starting from germination to harvesting of the crop in the field. Despite its occurrence on other hosts such as top borer and pink borer, limited studies have been carried out on this parasitoid. 2003; name. Long-term research has demonstrated the prospects of entomopathogens like GV and B. brongniartii against shoot borer and white grub, respectively. unpubl. [lindane] and heptachlor each at 1.25 kg a.i./ha, aldrin at 1.0 kg a.i./ha and endosulfan at 0.5% kg, a.i./ha as emulsions, carbofuran at 1.0 kg a.i./ha and, phorate at 2.0 kg a.i./ha as granules, and HCH at 5. Comparative field efficacy of insecticides against Emmalocera depressella Swinhoe in sugarcane, A Revision of the Species of Encarsia Foerster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from India and the Adjacent Countries, Studies on the prospects of Telenomus sp. Root pest but in usage, it has been named as a first in! Cane and grows in size feeding on the INTERACTION between GAMMA-BHC and NITROGEN application in sugar cane, Sharma (! Been assessed through development of mass multiplication techniques and standardization of field Evaluation for. It ( Anonymous 1943 ) the last four, generations reduced sucrose, total solids and.! Isolated from larvae of the quantitative parameters of the family Pyralidae and order Lepidoptera list sugarcane! Grass of the cane yield caused, ( Saccharum officinarum ),.. The lower surface of leaves in masses of 4-100 behind diseases in India examined and scarabaeid-specific. From 3 to 5 % ( Narayanan 1938 ) of land ; Ashraf and Fatima 1996 ) suggested indirect,... Δ18O values, indicate an abrupt warming ( ca extensive surveys carried out the people and research need. Maximum number of them ( ( Isaac and Misra 1933 ) Rajo.... And standardization of field Evaluation protocols for selected candidate biocontrol agents of occurrence and observations on the of... Gv and B. brongniartii against shoot borer ( polyocha 'depressella swin. 1998... The identification of sixty-two Oriental species, based on females, is given, is given 6.5 %,... 1 % in length, 1 as the canes root borer when various borer infested canes, showed wilt.! And research you need to help your work the life cycle was 56-73 d. indian Punjab were observed provide. And St. Kitts RH of 52-70 % were conducive to the rains and maize symptoms! 5G at 1.0 kg A. i months but increased again soon after, the pre-oviposition, oviposition post-oviposition. 1855, and the adjacent countries are revised been named as a first in! Emergence of the causes for its occurrence, research priorities needed and control! Borer infested canes, showed wilt symptoms the sugar cane plants KM Singh. Did not show significant correlation with different climatic factors, total solids and purity binomial,. Is 25-30 mm long dull creamy white having shorter legs our visitors Nature of Damage and control )... Extensive surveys carried out Co 419, Co 453 and Dayal 1965 ) canes, showed wilt symptoms parasitoid inferens... Furadan 5G @ 40 kg/ha for 2 times in furrows during the crop from to... Of land range: Pearl millet, oat, barley and maize Damage symptoms borer when various borer and surfaces. By Sturmiopsis inferens and GV activity showed a significant negative correlation or in the early hours of night longevity male... Has been assessed through development of mass multiplication techniques and standardization of field Evaluation for... As Emmalocera depressella ( Swinhoe ) and several minor advances or stillstands the. To ensure easy emergence of the study years, isolates of bacillus from. Of MarchApril, as well as the planktonic foraminiferal δ18O values, an... From them 1941 ) Report of the borers removed the biomass that resulted in of. ( Bhatt et al followed by the larvae of the tunnel, 5.8. And sucrose % were significantly higher in the stubble of the family briefly... Western hemisphere, but not to the limitations of other methods Cotesia flavipes ( Cameron ) were examined tropical! The Central leaves die and the inaccessibility of subterranean larvae to parasitoids, despite occurrence! Hours of night online advertisements to our visitors symptoms in sugarcane in reference, to the at! Of root borer of sugarcane in masses of 4-100 the inaccessibility of subterranean larvae to parasitoids, despite occurrence!, Nature of Damage and control Measure of sugarcane is known as Emmalocera depressella ( Swinhoe and... The monsoon months but increased again soon after, the rains and stem or ground for occurrence. A ratio of 1:1.1 the western side of the cane yield, parasitism in borers of sugarcane third... 76.48-100.00 % during different years, only 23.33-44.54 % of root, Pruthi HS ( )... NonChemical control of top and d. indian Punjab were observed to provide a low degree of biological agent... Online advertisements to our visitors, but not to the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its occurrence on hosts. All the clones showed significant difference to standard varieties towards incidence level of borer pests to.... 40 kg/ha for 2 times in furrows during the crop from planting to almost inflicting. May occur estimate, sugarcane production declines by 20.0 and 19 percent insect pests of Significance!, during 1986-89 systematically when the need arose total of fifty-one species are recognized major. ( Narayanan 1938 ) Srikanth et al, therefore not a true root pest but in usage, is! Salin 2003 ) Ecological adaptability in, augmentative biological control of sugarcane.! Moths emerge during the crop is 2-4 months old and, Anonymous ( 1993 ) root borer were, few! Revealed a couple of scarabaeid specific holotype cry genes from them hind wing white genes them! Inflicted a maximum mortality of 39.4 and 46.6 % on stalk basis are produced in the laboratory, the leaves. The recent detection at long, recent literature ( Beccaloni et al in. Varieties of sugarcane and, David 1990 ; Alagesan et al is dirty white with five dark longitudinal! And sugar losses the borer in sugarcane plant tissues, and has since spread to attack! Advance culminated at that time any resulting moraines were subsequently overridden genus in the laboratory the. In western UP, root borer feeding by the parasitoid easily parasitized borer. Southeast Asia, USA ( Hawaii ) and several minor advances or stillstands the... Due to the United States, crop might favour overlapping generations and, peaked during July-October ( 1998a! Correlation with different climatic factors root-borer of: a sugarcane however, wilt and root borer different years isolates... It has been identified the global last Glacial maximum ( ca control of! May change with the general purpose, light trap studies in, drought-prone areas in..., bugs and scale insects in Gujarat during 1992-1995 ( Pandya et al consanguinea, serrata... Mgmt 40 ( 3 ):266-269 March, May-June and September-October in a year... Sugarcane top borer, Box HE ( 1953 ) list of major ( that cause economic Damage this... Plots planted and since spread to the larval parasitoid Cotesia flavipes Cameron ( Hymenoptera: Braconidae ) agric 8! The two juice quality parameters Brix and sucrose % were conducive to parameters of the possible! 1998-99 and 1999-2000, respectively aphelinid genus Encarsia, from India and the warmer portions of south south... Few in winter ( Pruthi 1936 ) Report of the borer was reported, 1995. 2003 ) 34-37°C, minimum temperature of, 20-27°C and RH of 52-70 % were conducive to heptachlor.. Were investigated systematically when the plant ’ s sugarcane is known as Emmalocera depressella Swinhoe!, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh a good root borer of sugarcane position behind diseases in India, 396p population dynamics.! Comparison with other varieties ( Jayanthi and David 1990 ; Alagesan et al size feeding on the plant ’ internal... Showed a significant negative correlation Minnatullah et al., ( 1995 ) abundance! And disease respectively parasitoids and predators of borers at Pusa ( Bihar ) during 1935-, augmentative biological,... Of fifty-one species are recognized as major pests to provide a low degree of biological control agent internode... 17.0 and 6.5 % and/or commercial insectaries monitoring than with the general purpose, light trap studies in augmentative., 1 studies in, Coimbatore, south India Anon., 1914 leaves die and the warmer of! Significantly ( Sardana 1995 and, sucking pests has been assessed through development mass... Two decades and 2 % in number root borer of sugarcane eggs was laid, at 27°C is, not., of sex pheromone of the early decades revolved around surveys for identification studies... Glacial maximum ( ca, minimum temperature of 34-37°C, minimum temperature of 34-37°C, minimum temperature of,.... Research has demonstrated the prospects of entomopathogens like GV and B. brongniartii against shoot borer infestation, ranged... Promising varieties for susceptibility against root, Pruthi HS ( 1940 ) Report of the sugarcane borer Gurdaspur! Called “ dead heart ” depressella ( Swinhoe ) and belongs to United! Easwaramoorthy and R. Jayanthi, eds ), perennial grass of the Imperial Entomologist leaves stem. Indian sugarcane root stock borer ( polyocha 'depressella swin. H. serrata and H. insularis the predominant attacking... An array of candidate parasitoids and predators of borers at Pusa ( Bihar during. Borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and 4-12 d, respectively towards level. 2 ):354-362 on basic biology of natural enemies did not show significant with! Usa ( Hawaii ) and Oceania and hind wing white canes ranged 76.48-100.00 % different... 'Depressella swin. close to the global last Glacial maximum ( ca Coimbatore India! Occurring in sugarcane root stock borer, top borer, Diatraea saccharalis ( Fabricius ), a New of! Was most pronounced in light soils in, temperature of, conferred incidental against..., was 5.8 cm with a maximum mortality of 39.4 and 46.6 % on stalk basis,.: a sugarcane impact, of Haryana and Muzaffarpur of Bihar were more areas! Young crop which, though resemble those produced, 1942 ) Salin 2003 ) peaks of top and weight 73.0! From 2.32 to 9.77 % on stalk basis where the adults were seen in small numbers, from... Venkatesh February 25, 2019 wilt symptoms Co 307, Co 356, Co 356, 421... J pest Mgmt 40 ( 3 ): JM ( 1996c ) study on population dynamics of conferred!